Turmeric is made by grinding a dried tuber of a tropical plant that belongs to the ginger family. The appearance of the plant is reminiscent of a gnarled carrot, it has firm and brown skin, while its body is orange.
Turmeric – the queen of spices
It has its origins in Asia, while in Indonesia and India it has been used for thousands of years. Due to its exceptional healing properties, the Indians perceive turmeric as a sacred food, hence the name ‘turmeric – a miracle of nature’. In their records, they state that she possesses the energy of the Divine Mother Mahalakshmi and thus protects them from evil and brings them happiness and success.
Marco Polo describes in his diary that it is an amazing root that has all the characteristics of real saffron, when in fact it is not saffron. In Europe it is slowly creeping into the 20th century. Historically, it has traditionally been used to improve digestion, infections, colds, bronchitis, asthma and wounds. Thanks to active ingredient curcumin, which has strong antiseptic and antibacterial effects, in Ayurvedic medicine it has been used to strengthen and warm the body.
The nutritional composition of turmeric is rich in macro and micro nutrients, where the energy value of turmeric per 100 g is 354 kcal / 1481 kj, of which it contains 65 percent carbohydrates, 8 percent protein and 10 percent fat. Of the vitamins it contains vitamin C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamins E and K, and the minerals calcium, iron, copper, zinc, phosphorus, manganese and selenium as well as the fiber content.
The main ingredient of turmeric is the orange pigment curcumin. It has the strongest anti-inflammatory effect in the plant world, unlike the classic corticosteroid drugs that cause many side effects, turmeric has no toxic effects. Curcumin stops the action of the enzyme COX2-cyclooxygenase, which is responsible for the formation of molecules that cause inflammatory processes. Therefore, it is an ideal choice for rheumatoid arthritis, colitis, Crohn’s disease as well as inflammatory skin conditions such as psoriasis.
Reasons for including turmeric in the diet
There are many reasons why we should include turmeric in our diet: it has a strong antibacterial effect, helps with cuts and burns, heals wounds, can be used orally and powder can be sprinkled on the wound, its anti-inflammatory effect reduces gingivitis, removes bad breath and prevents the growth of bacteria and helps with other diseases of the oral cavity turmeric contains the phytonutrient curcumin, which has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and is especially recommended for chronic bone diseases and rheumatoid arthritis.
Recent studies in collaboration with patients have shown that turmeric reduces morning stiffness and swelling of the joints and stops the action of the enzyme CO-X 2 which is responsible for the formation of molecules that cause inflammatory processes. Unlike classic drugs for inflammation-corticosteroids that can cause severe side effects, turmeric is an excellent natural replacement without severe side effects. Turmeric has hepato protective properties thanks to the active ingredient coumarin which helps stop liver damage, prevents cirrhosis and other severe liver damage, and helps its antioxidant effect and in detoxifying and protecting the liver.
It stimulates the production of bile in the liver and stimulates the secretion of bile through the gallbladder in a natural way stimulates the regeneration of intestinal flora. It is one of the strongest natural antibiotics that does not destroy flora and good bacteria in the intestines. Instead it encourages the development of good bacteria. Reduces bloating and gas, improves absorption in the intestines, has a detoxifying effect on the intestine. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory effect, recent research has established the possibility of curative action in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Its antifungal action can help in the treatment of the fungus Candida, protects the heart and blood vessels from plaque accumulation, helps regulate bad cholesterol. Also it’s antioxidant and cardio protective effects helps regulate bad cholesterol or ldl cholesterol, helps with skin problems of eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis. We can consume it orally and dermally in the form of compresses. Although we have described for what purposes we can use turmeric scientific research and clinical studies have so far proven its antibacterial, antiseptic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Given that much is mentioned in the prevention of cancer and the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, this cannot be confirmed for now because clinical studies have not yet proven it.